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Chapter 1 - Radioactive Decay and the Origin of Gamma- and X-Radiation

Table is Isotopes
Browne, E., Firestone R. B., Baglin, C.M. and Chu, S.Y.F. (1998). Table of Isotopes, Wiley, New York. This book is now accompanied by a CD containing the nuclear data tables.
Chart of Nuclides
An interactive on-line version of the Chart of the Nuclides from the US NNDC
see alsoData page

Chapter 2 - Interactions of Radiation with Matter

Attenuation Data
An excellent Internet source of attenuation and absorption data is: (Table 3 is particularly useful.)

Chapter 3 - Semiconductor Detectors for Gamma-Ray Spectrometry

Detector Construction
" There is an excellent description of detector construction at: - HPGe Detector Manufacturing.pdf
CdZnTe detectors
Information on CdZnTe detectors: eV Products. This site has links to a number of literature sources dealing with the theoretical and technical aspects of the material.
XRF Corporation
Liquid Nitrogen Generator
Information on a liquid nitrogen generator from Rigaku/MSC

Chapter 4 - Electronics for Gamma-Ray Spectrometry

The role of the transistor reset preamplifier in germanium gamma spectroscopy systems, Application Note
ORTEC and Canberra Catalogues
The catalogues of ORTEC and Canberra have introductory sections which are worth reading for an outline of the electronic processes used in their equipment. Their web sites are at:

Chapter 8 - True Coincidence Summing

Information about the availability if GESPECOR can be found on the Internet at:

Chapter 9 - Computer Analysis of Gamma-Ray Spectra

Spectrum Analysis Programs
The MCA emulator and spectrum analysis programs referred to in this chapter were: From ORTEC:
From Canberra:
Hpermet-PC - Off-line spectrum analysis program. From 1 January, 2008, the licensing conditions of Hypermet-PC have been changed, so now it is available FREE OF CHARGE.
From JF Computing. FitzPeaks off-line spectrum analysis package.

Chapter 10 - Scintillation Spectrometry

o Details of many scintillators can be found on the Saint-Gobain web site, where there is a link to the 'BrilLanCe Products Whitepaper'

Chapter 13 - Low Count Rate Systems

Canberra Application Notes
Canberra's list of application notes can be found at:
ORTEC Application Notes
ORTEC's list of application notes can be found at:
PGT Well Detectors
PGT Inc., Well Detectors with the Through-Hole Advantage.
Keyser and Wagner (1990). The benefits of using super-large germanium gamma-ray detectors for the quantitative determination of environmental radionuclides.
Low Background Systems
Considerations for Environmental Gamma Spectroscopy systems
Ultra Low-Background Detector Systems
Ultra Low-Background Shield - Model 777
Compton Suppression
On active background reduction: 'Compton Suppression... Made Easy', Appl Note AN-D-8901

Chapter 14 - High Count-rate systems

High CR Performance
Twomey, Keyser, Simpson, and Wagner(1991). High-count-rate spectroscopy with Ge detectors: quantitative evaluation of the performance of high-rate systems
HCR Guide
Canberra Application Note (1993). A Practical Guide to High Count-rate Germanium Gamma Spectroscopy
Performance of DSP
Canberra Application Note (1999). Performance of Digital Signal Processors for Gamma Spectrometry
DSP vs Analogue
Vo, Russo and Sampson, T.E. (1998)(Originally published as Los Alamos Report, LA-13393-MS)
High Performance HPGe
Keyser and Twomey (2003) Developments in High-Performance HPGe Detector Spectrometer Systems for Safeguards Applications

Chapter 15 - Ensuring Quality in Gamma-Ray Spectrometry

Koskelo and Schwenn, H.R. (2000) Verification of gamma spectroscopy programs: N42.14 and beyond. This paper on using the ANSI N42 tests as a basis for testing the quality of spectrum analysis programs
Information on recent and ongoing intercomparisons
Spiked soil Intercomparison
IAEA (2007) Report on IAEA-CU-2006-03 (spiked soil, water and grass)

Decker (2001) EML GAMMA SPECTROMETRY DATA EVALUATION PROGRAM, EML-612 Environmental Measurements Laboratory, U.S. Department of Energy
This website carries the IAEA TECDOC-619 data and some test spectra: IAEA TECDOC-619 data:
Test Spectra in general and download of IAEA G1 and Sanderson spectra:
The SpecMaker program can be obtained free of charge at:
IAEA Test Spectra
These are available on the website of the Technical University of Delft. but a more convenient download is available on this site. (The tudelft website URLs are not suitable for quoting directly.)
1995 Spectra
2002 Spectra
ANSI and IEEE Documents
ANSI documents can be purchased online at:

Chapter 16 - Gamma Spectrometry of NORM

The recently published evaluated IAEA data (2007) can be accessed at:

Chapter 17 - Applications

Information on the CTBTO can be obtained from their website at:
Uranium Enrichment
Canberra (1996) IMCA: A Dedicated Instrument for Uranium Enrichment Measurements in Safeguards Inspections, Canberra Application note. This note is followed by a number of useful references to programs for achieving isotopic analysis.
U-Pu InSpector
A Dedicated Instrument for Assessing the Isotopic Composition of Uranium and Plutonium, Canberra Application note.
Pu Isotopic Codes
Koskelo, Wilkins and Fleissner (2001) Comparison Of The Performance Of Different Plutonium Isotopic Codes Using a Range Of Detector Types
CZT detectors
Arlt, Ivanov and Parnham (2000), Advantages and Use of CdZnTe Detectors in Safeguards Measurements available at:

Appendices Data Example Spectra Links Online Course Spreadsheets Test Spectra TOP

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